Payroll in Greece
Greece, which nearly defaulted on its public debt in 2010, overhauled its fiscal policy to meet the obligations of the European Union’s austerity plan. Because fiscal policy changes are ongoing, local legislative expertise is critical to processing payroll in Greece.
As such, accurate and compliant payroll in Greece requires a firm understanding of the reform measures, including a reduction in public pensions, benefits and health expenditures, and an increase in taxes.
The euro (EUR) is the official currency of Greece.
Employees in Greece must be paid at least once a month.
Taxes for payroll in Greece
Entities in Greece must pay a corporate income tax of 24% on annual profits.
Employee income tax in Greece is assessed on a progressive scale, with rates ranging from 9% to 45% depending on annual income. Income tax brackets are:
- €0 – €10,000: 9%
- €10,001 – €20,000: 22%
- €20,001 – €30,000: 28%
- €30,001 – €40,000: 36%
- €40,001 and higher: 44%
Employers are required to withhold income tax and remit them to the Greek tax control authority, Eforia, by the 20th day of each month. Employers who file late taxes or file taxes incorrectly may face fines or criminal proceedings.
The social security agency in Greece, known as the e-National Social Security Fund (e-EFKA), administers retirement, sickness, industrial injury, unemployment and maternity benefits, as well as the national health insurance system. e-EFKA coverage generally begins on the first day of employment.
e-EFKA contributions are divided between the employer and employee, with employers contributing 24.73% of an employee’s gross salary and employees contributing about 16%. The e-EFKA social contributions include:
- Pension: 13.3% for employers; 6.67% for employees
- Supplementary pension: 3.25% each for employers and employees (will reduce to 3% effective June 1, 2022)
- Healthcare: 4.3% for sickness and 0.25% for cash benefits for employers; 2.15% for sickness and 0.4% for cash benefits for employees
- Unemployment: 1.2% for both employers and employees
- Professional risk: 1% for employers only
- High occupational risk (dependent on industry): 1.4% for employers; 2.2% for employees
Employers are required to pay e-EFKA contributions, including those withheld from employee paychecks, by the last business day of each month. Employers who do not file social taxes, or file them late or incorrectly, are subject to fines of 10% to 50% of their monthly contributions.
Employees in Greece are required to pay a solidarity surcharge based on their income. Employers are responsible for withholding the solidarity tax and remitting to Eforia monthly. Solidarity tax rates are:
- Up to €30,000: 0
- €30,001 – €40,000: 2%
- €40,001 – €65,000: 5%
- €65,001 – €220,000: 9%
- €220,001 and higher: 10%
Employee compensation and benefits in Greece
In Greece, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security oversees employment practices and is charged with enforcing labor laws, maintaining industrial stability, conducting industrial training, and promoting the health and safety of employees.
When processing payroll in Greece, you’ll need to consider the following employment regulations:
Partner with Safeguard Global for your payroll in Greece
Hundreds of organizations depend on our global payroll experts to ensure their payroll processing is accurate and compliant with local tax and employment requirements.
We support payroll in Greece in various ways: through our employer of record solution, as a local payroll provider for your Greek operations, and as part of a managed provider solution for your global organization.
As an employer of record in Greece, we handle payroll for your Greek workers, ensuring accuracy and compliance, while you manage their day-to-day contributions.
As a local provider of payroll in Greece, we can help your Greek operations:
- Comply with Greek labor laws and regulations
- Deduct the appropriate tax and social security withholdings
- Ensure your employees in Greece are paid accurately and on time
As a Global Managed Payroll provider, we offer centralized multinational payroll in over 150 countries—with streamlined processing across countries, currencies, languages and time zones— to help companies gain global visibility to pay data and make smarter workforce decisions.
Whether you need payroll support in Greece through an employer of record, a local provider or as part of a comprehensive global payroll system, contact us to let our experts find the right solution for you.
The information provided on or through this website is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Safeguard Global expressly disclaims any liability with respect to warranty or representation concerning the information contained herein, including the lost essence, interpretation, accuracy and/or completeness of the information in transit and language translation.
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